Values of Happiness

Toward an Anthropology of Purpose in Life

Edited by Iza Kavedžija and Harry Walker

Afterword by Joel Robbins

How people conceive of happiness reveals much about who they are and the values they hold dear. Drawing on ethnographic insights from diverse field sites around the world, this book offers a unique window onto the ways in which people grapple with fundamental questions about how to live and what it means to be human. Developing a distinctly anthropological approach concerned less with gauging how happy people are than with how happiness figures as an idea, mood, and motive in everyday life, the book explores how people strive to live well within challenging or even hostile circumstances.

The contributors explore how happiness intersects with dominant social values as well as an array of aims and aspirations that are potentially conflicting, demonstrating that not every kind of happiness is seen as a worthwhile aim or evaluated in positive moral terms. In tracing this link between different conceptions of happiness and their evaluations, the book engages some of the most fundamental questions concerning human happiness: What is it and how is it achieved? Is happiness everywhere a paramount value or aim in life? How does it relate to other ideas of the good? What role does happiness play in orienting peoples’ desires and life choices? Taking these questions seriously, the book draws together considerations of meaning, values, and affect, while recognizing the diversity of human ends.

 

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Review Quotes

Values of Happiness is a thoughtful, thought-provoking, and often very moving book. As we are taken through people’s reflections on happiness in a wide range of cultural contexts, we see the extent to which happiness is rarely—well—happy. The authors use the complexities and ambiguities of this state of being to explore the ways in which happiness as both idea and experience inescapably shapes time, personhood, and social life.

— Sherry B. Ortner, author of Anthropology and Social Theory: Culture, Power, and the Acting Subject

It is a great accomplishment of this collection that it shows us that happiness without value appears to be a rare occurrence. Even if there are very few societies in which happiness itself is the primary, overriding value people seek to realize—it is rarely the supervalue that rallies all others to its cause—we now know that happiness is routinely tied up with the disclosure and realization of values, and hence with the complexities of the personal and social management of time. This unusually rich collection of articles puts this important point before us, and in doing so redeems its promise of showing why happiness is an important subject of anthropological investigation.

— Joel Robbins, author of Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society

This is wonderfully rich and stimulating collection of essays by some of the most creative and perceptive anthropologists writing at the moment. And the theme works brilliantly to cast questions about values and ideals, virtues and vices, aspiration, interdependence, and responsibility in a new and thought-provoking light.

— James Laidlaw, author of The Subject of Virtue: An Anthropology of Ethics and Freedom

Harry Walker is Associate Professor in the Department of Anthropology at the London School of Economics and Political Science. He is the author of Under a watchful eye: Self, power and intimacy in Amazonia (University of California Press, 2013).

Iza Kavedžija is Lecturer in Anthropology at the University of Exeter. Her monograph Meaning in life: Tales from aging Japan is forthcoming from University of Pennsylvania Press.

Joel Robbins is the Sigrid Rausing Professor of Social Anthropology at the University of Cambridge and author of Becoming Sinners: Christianity and Moral Torment in a Papua New Guinea Society (University of California Press, 2011).


Published 2017
$25.00 USD
336 pages
ISBN: 9780986132575

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List of Contributors

Introduction
Values of happiness
Harry Walker and Iza Kavedžija

Chapter One
Ambivalent happiness and virtuous suffering
C. Jason Throop

Chapter Two
Being careful what you wish for: The case of happiness in China
Charles Stafford

Chapter Three
The good life in balance: Insights from aging Japan
Iza Kavedžija

Chapter Four
Techniques of happiness: Moving toward and away from the good
life in a rural Ethopian community
Dena Freeman

Chapter Five
“Good without God”: Happiness and pleasure among the humanists
Matthew Engelke

Chapter Six
Mindful in Westminster: The politics of meditation and the limits
of neo-liberal critique
Joanna Cook

Chapter Seven
The path to happiness? Prosperity, suffering, and transnational
migration in Britain and Sylhet
Katy Gardner

Chapter Eight
Militantly well
Henrik E. Vigh

Chapter Nine
Le bonheur suisse, again
Michael Lambek

Chapter Ten
Joy within tranquility: Amazonian Urarina styles of happiness
Harry Walker

Afterword
On happiness, values, and time: The long and short of it
Joel Robbins

Index